UCCE Master Gardeners of San Joaquin County
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Posts Tagged: citrus

Insect Pests on Citrus Trees

Asian citrus psyllid adult and eggs on young citrus leaves. <br>(Credit: M. Lewis, CISR)

[This post has been modified from the article originally published in the Fall 2018 issue of the Retail Nursery and Garden Center IPM News.] Citrus trees remain a popular choice for home gardeners in California, largely due to their ease of care,...

Posted on Thursday, February 28, 2019 at 7:30 AM

Asian Citrus Psyllid

Figure 1. Asian citrus psyllid adult and eggs on young citrus leaves.<br>(Credit: M. Lewis, CISR)

[This post has been modified from the article originally published in the Fall 2018 issue of the Retail Nursery and Garden Center IPM News.] The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri, is a tiny,...

Posted on Thursday, February 28, 2019 at 7:30 AM

Ant Control for Insect Pests on Citrus

Figure 1. Ants harvesting honeydew from Asian citrus psyllid nymphs. (Credit: E. Grafton-Cardwell, UCCE)

[This post has been modified from the article originally published in the Fall 2018 issue of the Retail Nursery and Garden Center IPM News.] Most citrus tree problems in home gardens can be solved by pruning the trees to allow better air...

Posted on Thursday, February 28, 2019 at 7:30 AM
Tags: ants (30), Asian citrus psyllid (35), citrus (30), control (41), Grafton-Cardwell (12), pest (74), pest management (23), tree (16), UC IPM (223)

Lemon water tasting at UC research center kicks off an 18-month citrus sensory study

What flavors do you detect in a sip of lemon water? Are there notes of sweetness, sour, off flavors or fresh citrus taste? Scientists at the UC Kearney Agricultural Research and Extension Center and the USDA want to know every subtle taste sensation for a research project continuing over the next 18 months.

Participants will taste the major types of citrus to confirm that treatments used to eliminate pests in overseas shipments don't have an impact on fruit enjoyment. Lemon tasting will be followed by mandarins, navel and Valencia oranges, and grapefruit.

USDA plant physiologist David Oberland, left, and UC Cooperative Extension subtropical specialist Mary Lu Arpaia prepare lemons for tasting in the sensory laboratory.

“This work is critical for the citrus industry,” said Mary Lu Arpaia, UC Cooperative Extension specialist in subtropical fruit. “A huge amount of California citrus is exported, but if there are quarantined pests in the shipment, that triggers treatments with a fumigant.”

In the past, importers treated citrus with methyl bromide. However, the pesticide has been phased out because it depletes the ozone layer. An alternative fumigant, phosphine, kills the insects, but scientists don't yet know what impact the chemical will have on the fruit.

“We're hoping there's no taste difference,” Arpaia said. “But we don't know. That's why we're doing the testing.”

USDA technician Paul Neipp presents a tray for lemon water tasting in one of the sensory lab booths.

USDA plant physiologist David Obenland, based at the USDA office across the street from Kearney in Parlier, is working with Arpaia to conduct the study at Kearney's sensory laboratory. The 1,100-square-foot laboratory features neutral white paint and broad-spectrum lighting; the ventilation system minimizes distracting odors. Six tasting booths each have small windows that open to the kitchen area, where samples are prepared.

“Previous research has resolved residue issues and determined phosphine is effective in killing the pests,” Obenland said. “But they didn't fully determine whether the process would hurt the fruit.”

The current project compares fruit treated with methyl bromide, phosphine and a cold temperature protocol in which the fruit is held just above freezing for three weeks. In addition to tasting the fruit, volunteers evaluate the fruit's appearance.

The visual component of the testing session allows scientists to determine whether subtle impacts of treatment will deter buyers from selecting the fruit.

“People buy with their eyes,” Arpaia said. “We're asking our participants to compare the fruit visually to see if they detect any differences.”

The research is funded by the California Citrus Quality Council through a grant from the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.

Posted on Friday, December 7, 2018 at 8:06 AM
Tags: citrus (30), Mary Lu Arpaia (6)
Focus Area Tags: Food

New class of herbicides?

Weeds bordering avocado orchard

From the Topics in Subtropics blog   A garden can be a competitive environment. Plants and unseen microorganisms in the soil all need precious space to grow. And to gain that space, a microbe might produce and use chemicals that kill its plant...

Posted on Thursday, September 13, 2018 at 2:46 PM
Tags: avocado (4), citrus (30), herbicide (61)
Focus Area Tags: Agriculture Pest Management

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